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Off-road vehicles, buses, and trucks are produced at Ulyanovsky Avtomobilny Zavod, often known as UAZ or Ulyanovsky Automobile Factory, in Ulyanovsk, Russia. Since 2000, it has been a part of the Sollers Automotive Group.

The UAZ-469 utility vehicle, which has been widely used as a military vehicle in the Eastern Bloc and around the world, is the product that UAZ is best known for. Production at the UAZ facility began in 1941 as a component of the Soviet Union's war effort. In 2016, 51,706 UAZ automobiles were manufactured.


The 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union directly led to the establishment of the Ulyanovsk Automotive Factory. The government of Joseph Stalin issued an order to evacuate strategically significant industrial centers to the east in response to this danger. The fast German advance on Moscow by October 1941 led to the decision to move the Moscow automaker ZIS to the Volga town of Ulyanovsk. The town would be the ideal location for the reconstructed plant since it is currently a developing industrial hub with a solid supply of trained personnel and a well-developed infrastructure. Also, it was securely out of the German army's range. When it was first established, the factory was regarded as a division of ZIS. By 1942, the factory started to produce artillery shells and automobiles.

The decision was made in 1943, when the likelihood of a German triumph had significantly decreased, that the relocated facility would remain in Ulyanovsk and be administratively split from ZIS, which would be completely rebuilt in Moscow. This was consistent with the Soviet Union's post-war industrial relocation policies. The freshly constructed plants were left in their current state because it was thought to be more efficient, but the earlier plants—if they had survived the war—were updated, usually using seized German technology. The ZIS-5 was produced at the Ural Automobile Factory in Miass until the end of 1944, when manufacturing switched to the smaller GAZ-AA at the Ulyanovsk facility.

The ubiquitous 50 hp (37 kW; 51 PS) 2,112 cc (129 cu in) inline four of the Pobeda was used by UAZ to construct a prototype 1.5-tonne truck in 1948; however, the UAZ-300 was never produced due to a lack of manufacturing capacity. The GAZ-69 was added to the production line in 1954, and the initial batches were put together using GAZ components. Two years later, the plant started producing GAZ-69s from start to finish rather than merely putting them together from components that were sent in from other locations.

Official website of UAZ (Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant)

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