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Kopivnice-based Tatra is a Czech automobile manufacturer. It is the third-oldest firm in the world that produces automobiles with an uninterrupted history and is owned by the TATRA TRUCKS a.s. company. [a] Originally known as Ignatz Schustala & Cie, the business changed its name to Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft in German in 1890 when it began producing wagons and carriages. Tatra created the Präsident automobile, the first motor vehicle in Central Europe, in 1897. Kopivnická vozovka a.s. became its new name in 1918, and the Tatra emblem, which was inspired by the nearby Tatra Mountains on the Czechoslovak-Polish border, replaced the Nesselsdorfer mark in 1919. (Now on the Polish-Slovak border).


Tatra gained international recognition during the interwar era with their range of inexpensive automobiles built on backbone tube chassis and air-cooled engines, beginning with Tatra 11. (1923). Beginning with the Tatra 77, the business also led the way in the development of automobile aerodynamics (1934). The town of Kopivnice was captured by Nazi Germany as a result of the 1938 Czechoslovak-German War and the Munich Agreement, and Tatra's output was geared toward military manufacture. Both the German Nazi war effort and post-war rebuilding in Central Europe and the Soviet Union used trucks like the Tatra 111 (1942).

As a result of Tatra's century-long development of backbone chassis, swinging half-axles, and air-cooled engines, the company now focuses its manufacturing on large off-road trucks. Tatra 817, designed largely for military operators, and Tatra Phoenix, a Tatra chassis with a DAF cabin and a Paccar water-cooled engine, meant primarily for the civilian market, form the foundation of its manufacturing. The business intends to build more than 2,000 vehicles in 2023.

In 1850, Kopivnice-based "Ignatz Schustala & Comp" founder Ignaz Schustala (1822–1891) began manufacturing horse-drawn carriages. The business changed its name to "Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft" in 1891 and expanded into the production of train cars while hiring Hugo Fischer von Röslerstamm as technical director in 1890. Von Röslerstamm took over operating the business after Schustala passed away, and he acquired a Benz car in 1897. Engineers Hans Ledwinka and Edmund Rumpler used this as motivation as they created the company's first automobile, the Präsident, which was displayed in Vienna in 1897. More vehicle orders were received, and nine upgraded Präsident-based automobiles were built up until 1900.

In 1900, Ledwinka released the Type A, an automobile with a rear-mounted 2714 cc engine and a peak speed of 40 km/h (25 mph). 22 of these cars were produced. The Type B with central engine was introduced in 1902 as a result, although Ledwinka soon departed the business to focus on the advancement of steam engines. When he came back in 1905, he created the Type S, a brand-new automobile with a 3308 cc 4-cylinder engine. Hugo Fischer von Röslerstamm quit the firm in 1912 after a 23-week strike severely hindered production.


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