With its headquarters in Hino, Tokyo, Hino Motors, Ltd., also known as Hino, is a Japanese company that produces diesel engines and commercial vehicles. In 1942, the business was founded as a corporate spin-off from earlier manufacturers. A significant component of the Nikkei 225 on the Tokyo Stock Exchange is Hino Motors.
The corporation may trace its ancestry back to Tokyo Gas Industrial Company, which was established in 1910. Chiyoda Gas Company, founded in 1910, engaged in strong competition with the reigning Tokyo Gas Company for customers who used gas illumination. After Tokyo Gas Industries was defeated and incorporated into Tokyo Gas in 1912, it ceased to be a supplier of components to Chiyoda Gas. Tokyo Gas Industry Co. expanded their product range to include electronic parts after losing its main client. It changed its name to Tokyo Gas and Electric Industry (), TG&E, and was frequently referred to as Gasuden. The Model TGE "A-Type" truck, its first motor vehicle, was created in 1917. To create Tokyo Automotive Industry in 1937, TG&E combined its automobile division with that of Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. and Kyodo Kokusan K.K.
The Hino name was created when the new company, Hino Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., split out from Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd. the following year (1942). Hino produced the Type 1 Ho-Ha half-track and Type 1 Ho-Ki armored personnel carrier for the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. The firm had to discontinue producing big diesel engines for maritime applications due to agreements made at the end of World War II, so it officially rebranded as Hino Industrial Co., Ltd. and focused on the heavy-duty trailer-truck, bus, and diesel engine industries. The business was founded in Hino city (also known as Hino-shi), which is a prefecture of Tokyo.
In 1948, the firm added the moniker "Diesel" to become Hino Diesel Industrial Co., Ltd. in order to narrow its consumer marketing emphasis. The brand-new 7-liter DS10 diesel engine was installed in the heavy-duty TH10 when it was first released in 1950. This eight-ton vehicle was significantly bigger than the current Japanese trucks, which were rarely made for payloads more than 6,000 kg (13,230 lb).
In 1953, Hino entered the private automobile market by producing Renaults under license. In 1961, the company began producing its own Contessa 900 sedan, which has an 893cc rear-mounted engine, as well as the Hino Briska pickup truck, which has the Contessa engine mounted in the front and rear-wheel drive. In 1964, Giovanni Michelotti, an Italian stylist, updated the Contessa series with a 1300 cc rear-mounted engine. This produced 60 horsepower (44 kW) in the sedan and 70 hp (51 kW) in the coupé variant, both powered by two SU type carburetors. Nevertheless, after forging a strategic partnership with Toyota in 1965, Hino abruptly stopped producing passenger cars in 1967.
The Hamura plant started producing commercial trucks and buses in 1963 when it first opened for business.
Moreover, Portugal, Canada, and Norway (1977–1985) have all produced Hino trucks.
In 2001, Toyota Motor Company acquired full ownership of Hino.
A broad strategic cooperation between Hino and Volkswagen Truck and Bus (later renamed Traton) was established in 2018 for tasks such as purchasing, technology development, and logistics. They founded Hino and Traton Global Procurement, a joint venture for purchasing, in November 2019. Traton owns 51% of the company, while Hino owns 49%.
The formation of a strategic alliance between Hino, its parent company Toyota, and Isuzu was announced in March 2021. Toyota purchased a 4.6% interest in Isuzu, and Isuzu intends to buy Toyota shares for a comparable price. The goal of the new joint venture, which the three businesses stated they will establish by April and designate Commercial Japan Partnership Technologies Corporation, is to create fuel cell and electric light trucks. Hino and Isuzu would each control 10% of the company, giving Toyota an 80% ownership. Toyota and Isuzu "expelled" Hino from their collaboration in August 2022 after Toyota announced the conclusions of a self-commissioned probe exposing that Hino Motors had fabricated emissions data on some engines dating back to at least October 2003.